The Kinetic Analysis and Adsorption Isotherm of Chicken Egg Shells and Membranes Against Synthetic Dyes


  • Linda Hevira Universitas Mohammad Natsir
  • Gampito Islamic University of Mahmud Yunus, Batusangkar



Adsorption, Dyes, Indigo Carmine , Isotherm, Reaction Kinetics


Textile industry waste at this time is enough to worry the community and the environment. The presence of synthetic dyes in water is hazardous, even in small concentrations. These synthetic dyes are derivatives of aromatic compounds such as benzene, toluene, and naphthalene, which are more resistant and stable than natural dyes. The adsorption method is used because it is easier to do, has no side effects, and does not require complicated and expensive equipment. In this study, the shells and membranes of discarded chicken eggs became useful as an absorbent of indigo carmine dye with an adsorption capacity of 6.399 mg/g. The adsorption reaction kinetics were analyzed from the optimal contact time data, and the reaction isotherm was analyzed from the adsorption optimal concentration data. The kinetic model that fits the research is the second pseudo-order with R2 = 0.9998. The adsorption mechanism demonstrates that the adsorption capacity is proportional to the adsorbent's active sites. The adsorption isotherm model, with R2 = 0.9748, is more closely related to the Freundlich isotherm model, indicating that adsorption occurs in several layers. From an economic point of view, chicken egg shells and membranes can be recommended as dye absorbers that are eco-friendly, efficient, and simple to obtain while lowering organic solid waste.


Abid, Mohammad Fadhil, Mumtaz Abdulahad Zablouk, and Abeer Muhssen Abid-Alameer. 2012. “Experimental Study of Dye Removal from Industrial Wastewater by Membrane Technologies of Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration.” Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering 9(17): 1.

Abudi, Zaidun Naji, Farkad Ali Lattieff, Tasnim Fahem Chyad, and Mohammed Nsaif Abbas. 2018. “Isotherm and Kinetic Study of the Adsorption of Different Dyes from Aqueous Solution Using Banana Peel by Two Different Methods.” 7(2): 220–29.

Aidha, Novi Nur. 2013. “Aktivasi Zeolit Secara Fisika Dan Kimia Untuk Menurunkan Kadar Kesadahan (Ca Dan Mg) Dalam Air Tanah (Activation of Zeolite by Physical and Chemical Methods To Reduce The Hardness (Ca and Mg) OF GROUNDWATER) Novi Nur Aidha.” J. Kimia Kemasan 35(1): 58–64.

Arami, Mokhtar, Nargess Yousefi Limaee, Niyaz Mohammad Mahmoodi, and Nooshin Salman Tabrizi. 2005. “Removal of Dyes from Colored Textile Wastewater by Orange Peel Adsorbent: Equilibrium and Kinetic Studies.” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 288(2): 371–76.

Bagaskoro, Arief Panji et al. 2020. “Adsorben Logam Fe dalam Air Tanah.” 01(01): 1–8.

Bhaumik, R. et al. 2012. “Eggshell Powder as an Adsorbent for Removal of Fluoride from Aqueous Solution: Equilibrium, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies.” E-Journal of Chemistry 9(3): 1457–80.

Budnyak, Tetyana M. et al. 2018. “Methylene Blue Dye Sorption by Hybrid Materials from Technical Lignins.” Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 6(4): 4997–5007.

Carvalho, J., J. Araujo, and F. Castro. 2011. “Alternative Low-Cost Adsorbent for Water and Wastewater Decontamination Derived from Eggshell Waste: An Overview.” Waste and Biomass Valorization 2(2): 157–67.

Dada, A. O., J. O. Ojediran, and Abiodun Paul Olalekan. 2013. “Sorption of Pb2+ from Aqueous Solution unto Modified Rice Husk: Isotherms Studies.” Advances in Physical Chemistry 2013.

Dada, Adewumi O. et al. 2020. “Sustainable and Low-Cost Ocimum Gratissimum for Biosorption of Indigo Carmine Dye: Kinetics, Isotherm, and Thermodynamic Studies.” International Journal of Phytoremediation 0(0): 1524–37.

Djelloul, Chawki, and Oualid Hamdaoui. 2015. “Dynamic Adsorption of Methylene Blue by Melon Peel in Fixed-Bed Columns.” Desalination and Water Treatment 56(11): 2966–75.

Faridi, Hamideh, and Akbar Arabhosseini. 2018. “Application of Eggshell Wastes as Valuable and Utilizable Products: A Review.” Research in Agricultural Engineering 64(2): 104–14.

Fatombi, Jacques K. et al. 2019. “Adsorption of Indigo Carmine from Aqueous Solution by Chitosan and Chitosan/Activated Carbon Composite: Kinetics, Isotherms and Thermodynamics Studies.” Fibres and Polymers 20(9): 1820–32.

Gupta, Meenal, Harsh Gupta, and D S Kharat. 2018. “Environmental Technology & Innovation Adsorption of Cu (II) by Low-Cost Adsorbents and the Cost.” Environmental Technology & Innovation 10: 91–101.

Hevira, Linda, Zilfa, et al. 2020. “Biosorption of Indigo Carmine from Aqueous Solution by Terminalia Catappa Shell.” Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 8(5): 104290.

Hevira, Linda, Azimatur Rahmi, et al. 2020. “The Fast and Low-Cost-Adsorbent for the Removal of Cationic and Anionic Dyes Using Chicken Eggshell with Its Membrane.” Mediterranean Journal of Chemistry 10(3): 294–301.

Hevira, Linda, Dinda Ariza, and Azimatur Rahmi. 2021. “Pembuatan Biofoam Berbahan Dasar Ampas Tebu Dan Whey.” Jurnal Kimia dan Kemasan 43(2): 75–81.

Hevira, Linda, Edison Munaf, and Rahmiana Zein. 2015. “The Use of Terminalia Catappa L. Fruit Shell as Biosorbent for the Removal of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cu(II) Ion in Liquid Waste.” Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research 7(10): 79–89.

Hevira, Linda, and Rahmiana Zein. 2022. Monograf: Komparasi Penyerapan Zat Warna Kationik Dan Anionik Pada Biosorben Cangkang Ketapang. Andalas University Press.

Hevira, Linda, Rahmiana Zein, and Putri Ramadhani. 2019. “Review Metoda Adsorpsi Pada Penyerapan Ion Logam Dan Zat Warna Dalam Limbah Cair.” Jurnal Sains dan Terapan Kimia 13(1): 39–58.

Holle, Rizky B., Audy D. Wuntu, and Meiske S. Sangi. 2013. “Kinetika Adsorpsi Gas Benzena Pada Karbon Aktif Tempurung Kelapa.” Jurnal MIPA 2(2): 100.

Iqbal, Javed et al. 2011. “Adsorption of Acid Yellow Dye on Flakes of Chitosan Prepared from Fishery Wastes.” Arabian Journal of Chemistry 4(4): 389–95.

Khadhri, Nisrine, Mohamed El Khames Saad, Mongi Ben Mosbah, and Younes Moussaoui. 2019. “Batch and Continuous Column Adsorption of Indigo Carmine onto Activated Carbon Derived from Date Palm Petiole.” Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 7(1).

Liu, Jiayang et al. 2016. “Adsorption of Methylene Blue on an Agro-Waste Oiltea Shell with and without Fungal Treatment.” Nature Publishing Group (November): 1–11.

Marcel, C et al. 2019. “Indigo Carmine and 2, 6-Dichlorophenolindophenol Removal Using Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide-Modified Palm Oil Fiber : Adsorption Isotherms and Mass Transfer Kinetics.” International Journal of Biomaterials 2019.

Misfadhila, Sestry, Zikra Azizah, Cynthia Diane, and Putri Chaniago. 2018. “Pengaplikasian Cangkang Telur Dan Karbon Aktif Sebagai Adsorben Logam Timbal.” 10(2): 1–8.

Oymak, Tulay, and Esra Bağda. 2018. “Crosslinked Egg White as Eco-Friendly, Reusable and Cost-Effective Biosorbent for Rapid Removal of Indigo Carmine.” Clean - Soil, Air, Water 46(6): 1–18.

Pramanpol, Nuttawan, and Nuttakan Nitayapat. 2006. “Adsorption of Reactive Dye by Eggshell and Its Membrane.” Kasetsart Journal - Natural Science 40(SUPPL.): 192–97.

Rahmayeni et al. 2017. “Magnetically Separable ZnO-MnFe2O4 Nanocomposites Synthesized in Organic-Free Media for Dye Degradation under Natural Sunlight.” Oriental Journal of Chemistry 33(6): 2758–65.

Sharma, Komal, AK Dalai, and RK Vyas. 2017. “Removal of Synthetic Dyes from Multicomponent Industrial Wastewaters.” Reviews in Chemical Engineering 34(1): 107–34.

Sopiah, Nida, Djoko Prasetyo, and Dwindrata B Aviantara. 2017. “Pengaruh Aktivasi Karbon Aktif Dari Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit Terhadap Adsorspi Kadmium Terlarut.” Jurnal Riset Teknologi Pencegahan dan Pencemaran Industri 8(2): 55–66.

Wang, Wenxia et al. 2017. “Transport Behaviors of Anionic Azo Dyes at Interface between Surfactant-Modified Flax Shives and Aqueous Solution: Synchrotron Infrared and Adsorption Studies.” Applied Surface Science.

Zein, R. et al. 2010. “Removal of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Co(II) from Aqueous Solution Using Garcinia Mangostana L. Fruit Shell.” Journal of Hazardous Materials 181(1–3): 52–56.

Zein, Rahmiana et al. 2022. “The Improvement of Indigo Carmine Dye Adsorption by Terminalia Catappa Shell Modified with Broiler Egg White.” Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery (0123456789).




How to Cite

Hevira, L., & Gampito. (2022). The Kinetic Analysis and Adsorption Isotherm of Chicken Egg Shells and Membranes Against Synthetic Dyes. Jurnal Riset Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri, 13(2), 28–36.