Performance of Immobilized-Selected Microorganisms in The Biodegradation of Textile Industry Waste Water


  • Novarina Irnaning Handayani Balai Besar Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri
  • Nanik Indah Setianingsih Balai Besar Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri
  • Misbachul Moenir Balai Besar Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri



biodegradation, immobilized cells, waste water, textile industry


Waste water from textile industry contain pollutant whit in certain concentration. To protect the environment and water bodies, wastewater containing pollutant must be treated before discharging into the environment. Anaerobic biological treatment has been used as a method in treating textile industry waste water. Several factors of conventional anaerobic treatment needs to be repaired in order to improve the performance of treating wastewater. A selected microorganisms as inoculum was expected to increase effectivity of waste water biodegradation. In this study a selected microorganisms was used as inoculum in the form of immobilized and free cells in anaerobic treatment of waste water from textile industry and compared with conventional sludge. Results from this study show that selected-immobilized microorganisms achieved the best performance due to its stability and efficiency in removing pollutant in the waste water. Mean while microorganisms in the form of free cells got the lowest performance in treating waste water, estimated due to its sensitivity of environmental conditions and having low mechanical strength of biomass. Immobilized cells succesfully treated waste water from textile industry, removal of pollutant in suspended solid parameter  reached on 93,78% mean while, in oil & grease, BOD5 and COD parameter reached on 99,13%, 81,54% and 64,94% respectively. Pollutant in amonia parameter has not been fully treated in this experiment due to condition of the experiment system was anaerobic instead of aerobic.


Allabashi, R., Arkas, M., Ho, G., & Tsiourvas, D. (2007). Removal of some organic pollutants in water employing ceramic membranes impregnated with cross-linked silylated dendritic and cyclodextrin polymers, 41, 476–486.

Chen, C. Y., Kao, C. M., Chen, S. C., Chien, H. Y., & Lin, C. E. (2007). Application of immobilized cells to the treatment of cyanide wastewater, 99–107.

Cláudia, S., Martins, S., Martins, C. M., Maria, L., Guedes, C., & Santaella, S. T. (2013). Immobilization of microbial cells : A promising tool for treatment of toxic pollutants in industrial wastewater, 12(28), 4412–4418.

Dong, Y., Zhang, Y., & Tu, B. (2017). Immobilization of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria by polyvinyl alcohol and sodium alginate. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, 48(3), 515–521.

Dong, Y., Zhang, Y., Tu, B., & Miao, J. (2014). Immobilization of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria by calcium alginate. Ecological Engineering, 73, 809–814.

Godjevargova, T., Mihova, S., & Gabrovska, K. (2004). Fixed-bed biosorption of Cu 2 + by polyacrylonitrile-immobilized dead cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, (2000), 273–279.

Goel, S. (2010). Anaerobic baffled reactor for treatment of textile dye effluent. Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research, 69, 305–307.

Górecka E, J. M. (2011). Immobilization techniques and biopolymer carriers. Biotechnol. Food Sci, 75, 65–86.

Han, W. B. D., Toledo, E. K. R. A. De, & Shim, K. K. H. (2016). Enhanced bioremoval of refractory compounds from dyeing wastewater using optimized sequential anaerobic / aerobic process. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology.

Handayani, NI;Moenir, M;Setianingsih, NI;Malik, R. (2016). Isolation of Anaerobic Heterotrophic Bacteria in Textile Industry Waste Water Treatment. Jurnal Riset Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri, 7(1), 39–46.

J.Wilson, D. (2017). Hazardous Waste Site Soil Remediation_ Theory and Application of Innovative.

Kilonzo, P., & Bergougnou, M. (2012). Microbial & Biochemical Technology Surface Modifications for Controlled and Optimized Cell Immobilization by Adsorption : Applications in Fibrous Bed Bioreactors Containing Recombinant Cells.

Kuo, W., & Shu, T. (2004). Biological pre-treatment of wastewater containing sulfate using anaerobic immobilized cells, 113, 147–155.

Lan, W. U., Gang, G. E., & Jinbao, W. A. N. (2009). Biodegradation of oil wastewater by free and immobilized Yarrowia lipolytica W29. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 21(2), 237–242.

Lee, Y., Shin, H., Ahn, Y., Shin, M., Lee, M., & Yang, J. (2010). Biodegradation of diesel by mixed bacteria immobilized onto a hybrid support of peat moss and additives : A batch experiment. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 183(1-3), 940–944.

Linardi, J. C. T. D. R. P. R. V. R. (2001). Bioconversion of nitriles by Candida guilliermondii CCT 7207 cells immobilized in barium alginate, 757–761.

Mostafa, A. A., Abou-zeid, A. M., El-zaher, E. H. F. A., & Arif, D. M. (2015). Bitreatment of Industrial Oil Waste Water by Free and Immobilized Rhodotorula mucilaginosa 2 and Candida utilis, 9(4), 271–280.

Murakami-nitta, T., Kirimura, K., & Kino, K. (2003). Degradation of dimethyl sulfoxide by the immobilized cells of Hyphomicrobium denitrificans WU-K217, 15, 199–204.

Nigam, J. N. (2000). Continuous ethanol production from pineapple cannery waste using immobilized yeast cells, 80, 189–193.

Nisola, G.M; Saeng, C.E; Shon, H.K; Tian, D.; Jung, C.D.; Gwon, E.M.; Chung, W. J. (2009). A Cell Immobilized FOG-Trap System for Fat, Oil and Grease Removal from Restaurant Wastewater. ASCE: Journal of Environmental Engineering, 135(9), 876–884.

Oh, J. H. (2003). Fundamental and application of aerobic granulation technology for wastewater treatment Keyword Aerobic granulation, 1–11.

Show, K., Lee, D., & Tay, J. (2012). Aerobic Granulation : Advances and Challenges, (November 2011), 1622–1640.

Tan, L., Li, H., Ning, S., & Xu, B. (2014). Aerobic decolorization and degradation of azo dyes by suspended growing cells and immobilized cells of a newly isolated yeast Magnusiomyces ingens LH-F1. Bioresource Technology,158,321–328.

Taylor, P., Shaker, S., Nemati, A., Montazeri-najafabady, N., & Ali, M. (2015). Treating Urban Wastewater : Nutrient Removal by Using Immobilized Green Algae in Batch Cultures, (May), 37–41.

Thirumarimurugan, M. (2016). Methods of Cell Immobilization and Its, 5429–5433.

Wang, Y. Y. Tian, B. Han, H.B. Zhao, J. N. B. and B. L. C. (2007). Biodegradation of phenol by free and immobilized. Journal of Environmental Sci., 19, 222–225.

Wang, X., Gai, Z., Yu, B., Feng, J., Xu, C., Yuan, Y., … Xu, P. (2007). Degradation of Carbazole by Microbial Cells Immobilized in Magnetic Gellan Gum Gel Beads ᰔ, 73(20), 6421–6428.



How to Cite

Handayani, N. I., Setianingsih, N. I., & Moenir, M. (2020). Performance of Immobilized-Selected Microorganisms in The Biodegradation of Textile Industry Waste Water. Jurnal Riset Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri, 9(1), 29-37.



Abstract viewed = 62 times

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>