Full Scale Application of Integrated Upflow Anaerobic Filter (UAF)-Constructed Wetland (CWs) in Small Scale Batik Industry Wastewater Treatment

Novarina Irnaning Handayani, Rustiana Yuliasni, Nanik Indah Setianingsih, Agung Budiarto


This research aimed to evaluate the implementation of integrated Upflow Anaerobic Filter (UAF)-Constructed Wetlands (CWs) in real condition of wastewater treatment plant in batik small scale industry. The full scale reactor consisted of equalization chamber with HRT of 2 days; Upflow Anaerobic Filter (UAF) with HRT of 6 days, and Horizontal Subsurface Constructed Wetlands (HSSCWs) with HRT of 1.5 days. The UAF- CWs integrated technology was used to treat batik wastewater with  COD inlet of  1339 – 2034 mg/L and pH  of  9.0 – 9.4. This study showed that single UAF technology alone was able to reduced  56 – 78%, while the integration UAF –wetland technology  improved the performance to 85% and reduced the pH into 7.5 – 7.8.


batik wastewater; upflow anaerobic filter; constructed wetlands; integrated technology UAF-CWs; azo dyes

Full Text:



Acquabella. (2006). Coagulation and Flocculation Process Fundamentals, 199–206.

Beydilli, M. I., & Pavlostathis, S. G. (2005). Decolorization kinetics of the azo dye Reactive Red 2 under methanogenic conditions: Effect of long-term culture acclimation. Biodegradation, 16(2), 135–146. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10532-004-4875-y

Chowdhury, P., Viraraghavan, T., & Srinivasan, A. (2010). Biological treatment processes for fish processing wastewater - A review. Bioresource Technology, 101(2), 439–449. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2009.08.065

Drtil, M., Bod, I., & Herdov, B. (2002). The use of upflow anaerobic filter and AnSBR for wastewater treatment at ambient temperature, 36, 1084–1088.

Feijoo, G., Soto, M., M??ndez, R., & Lema, J. M. (1995). Sodium inhibition in the anaerobic digestion process: Antagonism and adaptation phenomena. Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 17(2), 180–188. https://doi.org/10.1016/0141-0229(94)00011-F

Geovana, P. G., Dinara, G. A., Marcos, F. J., Alexandre, L. N., Camila, F. de P., Leonardo, D. B. da S., & Antônio, C. F. de M. (2016). Removal of nitrogen and phosphorus from cattle farming wastewater using constructed wetland system. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 11(44), 4542–4550. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR2016.11425

Himanshu, B. (2011). Bacterial degradation of Azo Dyes and its derivatives. Thesis PhD, Saurashtra University.

Jung, J.-Y., Lee, S.-M., Shin, P.-K., & Chung, Y.-C. (2000). Effect of pH on phase separated anaerobic digestion. Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering, 5(6), 456–459. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02931947

Leady, B., 1997, Constructed Subsurface Flow Wetlands For Wastewater Treatment, Purdue University.

Mehta, P. (2012). Treating textile effluents by coagulation - flocculation method using different dosing compositions, 3(4), 2514–2517.

Rashidi, H. R., Sulaiman, N. M. N., & Hashim, N. A. (2012). Batik Industry Synthetic Wastewater Treatment Using Nanofiltration Membrane. Procedia Engineering, 44, 2010–2012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2012.09.025

Rodrigues, C. S. D., Madeira, L. M., & Boaventura, R. a. R. (2012). Treatment of textile dye wastewaters using ferrous sulphate in a chemical coagulation/flocculation process. Environmental Technology, (May 2015), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1080/09593330.2012.715679

Sandoval, L., Zamora-Castro, S., Vidal-Álvarez, M., & Marín-Muñiz, J. (2019). Role of Wetland Plants and Use of Ornamental Flowering Plants in Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: A Review. Applied Sciences, 9(4), 685. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9040685

Setiyono, A., & Gustaman, R. A. (2017). PENGENDALIAN KROMIUM (CR) YANG TERDAPAT DI LIMBAH BATIK DENGAN METODE FITOREMEDIASI. Unnes Journal of Public Health, 6(3), 155. https://doi.org/10.15294/ujph.v6i3.15754

Subarno, S. (2007). Dekolorisasi Limbah Pabrik Cair Industri Tekstil dengan Miselium omphalina SP. A-1 Amobil. Dinamika Kerajinan Dan Batik: Majalah Ilmiah. https://doi.org/10.22322/DKB.V24I1.999

Valipour, A, Azizi, S., Raman, V. K., Jamshidi, S., & Hamnabard, N. (2014). The Comparative Evaluation of the Performance of Two Phytoremediation Systems for Domestic Wastewater Treatment. Journal of Environmental Science & Engineering, 56(3), 319–26. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26563084

Valipour, Alireza, & Ahn, Y. H. (2016). Constructed wetlands as sustainable ecotechnologies in decentralization practices: a review. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23(1), 180–197. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-5713-y

Van Der Zee, F. P., & Villaverde, S. (2005). Combined anaerobic-aerobic treatment of azo dyes - A short review of bioreactor studies. Water Research, 39(8), 1425–1440. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2005.03.007

Vymazal, J. (2013). Emergent plants used in free water surface constructed wetlands: A review. Ecological Engineering, 61, 582–592. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2013.06.023

Wan Mohd Khalik, W. F., Ho, L.-N., Ong, S.-A., Wong, Y., NIK YUSOFF, N. I. K. N. A., & Ridwan, F. (2015). Decolorization and Mineralization of Batik Wastewater through Solar Photocatalytic Process. Sains Malaysiana, 44, 607–612. https://doi.org/10.17576/jsm-2015-4404-16

Yemashova, N., & Kalyuzhnyi, S. (2006). Microbial conversion of selected azo dyes and their breakdown products. Water Science and Technology, 53(11), 163–171. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2006.349

Yuliasni, R., Setyaningsih, N. I., Handayani, N. I., & Budiarto, A. (2017). The performance of combined technology Upflow anaerobic reactor (UAR)-activated sludge (AS) for treating batik wastewater. Advanced Science Letters, 23(3), 2246–2250. https://doi.org/10.1166/asl.2017.8725

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21771/jrtppi.2020.v11.no1.p27-35

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 46 times
PDF - 15 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright of Research Journal of Industrial Pollution Prevention Technology (p-ISSN 2087-0965 | e-ISSN 2503-5010).
Powered by OJS, Theme design credited to Custom.Theme

Creative Commons License